For decades, mobile homes were built using various materials, standards and other methods not universally regulated by any state or federal agency. The Federal Government recognized the need for quality affordable housing which lead Congress to pass the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974. This reform required the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, also known as HUD, to establish construction and safety standards and mandated all manufacturers of mobile homes to follows these standards.
On June 15, 1976, the enforcement of the newly developed construction and safety standards went into effect and mobile homes became known as manufactured homes. Manufactured homes are now all built to the same standard using materials that must meet the requirements of the law and every home is inspected by an agent of HUD prior to leaving the factory to ensure the standards have been met or exceeded. In 1994, HUD made a significant upgrade to the construction and safety standards and since then continually monitor those standards to ensure they keep up with our increasing knowledge of energy efficiency, weather related effects and other aspects of housing construction.
The construction and safety standards experienced another shift when Congress passed the Manufactured Housing Improvement Act of 2000. This act created significant amendments to the original standards that now mandates the installation and consumer protection of manufactured homes. These amendments required that all states develop an installation program that meets or exceeds HUD's installation standards. If the state chooses to not develop a program, HUD will administer the program for that state. In order to best serve the residents of Ohio, state leaders's made the decision for Ohio to develop their own program.
On October 24, 2004, the Ohio Manufactured Homes Commission (OMHC) was established by the State of Ohio. The Commission worked diligently in conjunction with legislators to write and pass the laws and rules to govern the installation of manufactured homes throughout the state that would meet or exceed HUD standards as well as develop a Dispute Resolution Program to help consumers with complaints in regards to the construction or installation of their new home.
On September 6, 2006 the laws and rules governing the installation of manufactured homes throughout the State of Ohio as well as the Dispute Resolution program went into effect. In November of 2006, the Commission began licensing installers and certifying inspectors in accordance with those laws and in July of 2007, the enforcement of the laws and rules began.
The installation of homes inside manufactured home communities a.k.a. mobile home parks were regulated by the local health districts until October 6, 2009 when the OMHC became the sole jurisdiction over the governing and enforcement of installation of manufactured homes.
On July 1, 2010 legislation went into effect that transferred the licensing of all dealers, brokers and salespeople of manufactured homes from the Bureau of Motor Vehicles to the OMHC.
On December 1, 2012 the Commission experienced its most recent change when the laws and rules that legislation passed went to effect transferring the licensing and regulations of manufactured home communities from the local health districts over to the OMHC.
The laws that are governed by the Commission can be found in Chapter 4781 of the ORC or by clicking here.
The rules that are governed by the Commission can be found in Chapter 4781 of the OAC or by clicking here.